Allergy is a particular immune response or reaction to a certain substance that is not harmful in itself but brings a discomforting reaction. Substances such as foods, pet dander and pollen from plants can trigger an allergic reaction in people with immune deficiencies. A Certain change in some immune deficiency disease is likely to increase the chance of someone having allergies.
Causes of Allergy
Allergens are substances that trigger allergic symptoms, and these symptoms come up in different ways such as nasal and eye discomfort, allergic eczema, asthma, hives, and anaphylaxis. An individual can have more than one allergic condition depending on the allergens the body immune system triggers. Triggers could be things such as dust, tree pollen, foods, weeds, drugs, food, insect venom, mold, pet and many other materials. When the immune systems sense the peculiar trigger, the body releases histamine.
An environmental condition such as a change in temperature and sunlight can also be a trigger. Touch as rubbing the skin roughly can also trigger an Allergy.
Here are some allergies commonly experience by people
Allergic Rhinitis (Hay fever)
Hay fever caused by inhalation of certain allergen peculiar to person. The reactions include a runny nose, sneezing, stuffy and itching nose. The person may also have red and itchy eyes that are watery, and the severity varies from person to person and also depends on the season. Hay fever can grow worse to become rhinosinusitis can this can breed infection.
Managing hay fever include taking the following steps
– Staying away from allergens such as mold, pet dander, and dust mites
– Avoid smoke and strong odors
– Taking Allergy shots (immunotherapy)
– Taking oral non-sedating antihistamines
– Use of nasal steroids with severe nasal congestion
Asthma is a chronic allergic condition that affects the lungs, making breathing difficult. Such a person may experience chest tightness, coughing and wheezing and this usually triggered by certain allergens such as tree pollen or mold. Temperature change, smoke, and strong odor can also trigger the condition. The management of asthma is a continuous one.
Treatment includes taking Albuterol which helps to dilate airways for relief. Also, inhalation of steroids administered at varying intervals depending on the severity of the condition.
Food allergies occur due to an individual response by the immune system to a particular food. The person reacts to taking a particular food minutes or hours after eating such. Reactions could include vomiting, diarrhea, and hives similar to mosquito bites, abdominal cramping, flushing, and itching of the skin. Other severe reaction could be difficulty in breathing, throat closure, a decrease in blood pressure and such a person can go unconscious. The best is to avoid such food.
Food intolerance is a little different from food allergies because it does not involve the immune system and not life threatening. For example, someone with lactose intolerance will experience abdominal cramping and diarrhea because of an inability to break down milk sugar.
Atopic dermatitis commonly called Eczema is a chronic skin inflammation that can be triggered by food or environmental allergens. Eczema is activated when there is a breakdown in the skin barrier and the immune system leading to the reaction such as itching skin. Skin barrier maintains the flow of water under the skin and prevents bacteria and allergens. When there is a breakdown of this barrier, Allergy can set in.
Treating this condition involves returning the skin barrier to the proper shape, and this is done by frequent bathing to keep skin moisture. Topical steroid and other drugs can also prevent the immune response in a standard form.
Drug Allergies and Intolerances
Immune deficiency is more prominent with people with immune deficiencies. Due to their exposure to lots of drugs, patients become more susceptible to drug allergies. Not all drug reaction makes a person allergic to drugs.
Stinging Insect Allergy
It is normal to have swelling and redness on the spot where there is an insect bite. Individuals with an Allergy for stinging insect venom do experience more severe reaction than this such as anaphylaxis. Symptoms can include hives, itching, blisters, skin rashes or skin peeling.
Medication such as epinephrine can be administered to treat anaphylaxis, and this has to be done on time.
Identifying which allergens you react to and avoiding such can go a long way to prevent the discomfort and risk Allergy can cause.
Allergy treatment in Philadelphia
Philadelphia Acupuncture Clinic is the leading acupuncture treatment center in Pennsylvania. Our licensed practitioners led by Victor Tsan, MD provide traditional acupuncture treatment for a variety of medical ailments including allergy. Victor Tsan, internationally recognized physician-homeopath combines acupuncture with homeopathic treatment to achieve the best healing effectiveness. Philadelphia Acupuncture Clinic rated one of three best in the city.